9-Volt Nirvana [RadioLab]

Hot Wire the Brain

Juice the brain. No more than a 9-volt battery. And suddenly, bam! You become an invincible sharp-shooter.  Firing away at virtual killers, bringing them down with perfect accuracy. Where minutes before the juice, you’re lying in a pool of virtual blood.

Or maybe your brain suddenly, quickly, picks out a 3D shark from an autostereogram. Where minutes before the juice, your eyes and mind only saw a jumble of colored images, smeared together.

Or maybe, studying vocabulary, you add some juice and the words are suddenly easy.

Ah, the glory of sudden, instant, effortless personal development.  That was the enticement of RadioLab’s, 9-Volt Nirvana.” The episode is about transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), a process that promises to help us accelerate our learning, by simply zapping our scalp—and whatever brain cells lay beneath—with electricity.  According to the podcast,

“Researchers claim that juicing the brain with just 2 milliamps…can help with everything from learning languages, to quitting smoking, to overcoming depression.”

RadioLab’s story enticed. Aren’t there places in our lives we’d like to do something better? Quicker? Easier?

Sniper-Training

It was Sally Adee, sniper-in-training, that drew me in.  Sally convinced her editors at New Scientist to fly her from London to Carlsbad, CA to test out tDCS. She went to Advanced Brain Monitoring, a group using tDCS to train snipers.

There, in a room using 360-degree training simulation tools, real sandbags and other props, holding an M4 assault rifle armed with a laser site and CO-2 cartridges to deliver a realistic kick-back, Sally ran through a simulation. First, without tDCS.

The simulation starts off slowly. She has time to react, to take her shots. And then, it gets chaotic. The Humvee in front of her explodes and killers come at her from every direction. It’s all too fast, she can’t decide. And at the end of the simulation, she’s taken down about 3 out of 20 suicide bombers.

Then they wire her up: attach one electrode to her right temple and another electrode to her left arm. They turn on the electric current. She’s put into the simulation again, only starting from the point where the Humvee was being blown up. And with the wires juicing her brain.

Her assessment of this second round is they’ve slowed things down; it’s not difficult, she can clearly see where the dangers are coming from and she picks off her targets. It ends, they unplug her, and she’s confused; she’s only been in the simulation a few minutes. She’s sure they didn’t give her a difficult simulation.

Then she looks at the clock: 20-minutes have passed. And, no, they hadn’t slowed it down or made it easy.

This time, with the juice, she’s scored a perfect 20 out of 20.

Bringing down “bad guys” makes this technology sound good. But what if someone was learning this skill to wreak destruction on an innocent community? Damn no, I wouldn’t want that skill to be easily acquired.

Cheap Cost and Unknown Risks

But there may be no choice. The technology is there. It’s easy and cheap to build your own tDCS device, around $20 for parts at your local electronics store.  It’s hard to regulate. People are out there, self-applying it, experimenting by placing it on different parts of their brain, trying to figure out what helps, what doesn’t.  In reference to one fellow on YouTube talking about doing tDCS, the podcaster comments,

“It’s like he’s playing Russian roulette with that thing.”

People have reported “loss of consciousness after using it…feeling burns…there was one report of someone going temporarily blind.”  In the comments posted below a tDCS TEDx talk by Maarten Frens in December 2013, one person warned:

“I burned a dime size hole through my scalp today with only 8 aa batteries and eeg pads. This is dangerous!”

The device is a blunt tool, not a scalpel.  And there’s a theory, called “The Zero-Sum Theory of the Brain,” which says our brains and body are a system. If “juice” is sent to one area, it has to come from another area; enhancing one area is “by definition diminishing another.”

Is it Good? Or Bad.

For Sally, who acquired impressive shooting skills using tDCS, she admitted she valued some of the after-affects. She felt more confident driving and some of the critical voices in her head were quiet for several days. Those feelings were powerful and positive. But she was also worried. She was surprised how much she “craved doing it again.”

“It felt,” she said, “like a drug with no side effects. I don’t know if I’m going to get addicted to electricity…”

A deeper, philosophical question is raised by Soren Wheeler, Jad Abumrad, and Robert Krulwich, the show’s hosts. They ponder those moments when we’re “awake and present,” that feel like a gift from the universe.  What happens, they ask, when we can “order up” a state of mind; when “it’s an expectation” we “can create… on demand?”

“I think that the gift versus ordering it up is pretty deep to me,” says Soren. “I feel like, in a world where you order things up then you’re in a world where you think you deserve things or you think you’ve earned them or think other people haven’t. That’s a world that’s empty of true gratitude.”

 

  • Podcast: RadioLab
  • Episode9-Volt Nirvana, June 26, 2014, 27 minutes
  • Hosts: Soren Wheeler, Jad Abumrad, Robert Krulwich

More Information:

  1. Autostereograms: Want to challenge your eyes? Stare unfocused at one of the images in the link below; look beyond it; soften your gaze. Eventually, a 3D shape should emerge. Do you see it?
    1. 3D visual #1: Shark
    2. 3D visual #2: Benzene Ring Molecule
  2. Sally Adee’s article in New Scientist
  3. Sally’s blog post discussing after-effects of tDCS
  4. DIY tDCS Reddit discussion
  5. Advanced Brain Monitoring
  6. Transcranial direct-current stimulation, Wikipedia
  7. “What Would you do if you were limitless?” Maarten Frens, TEDxDelft, 12/12/13
Advertisements

10 thoughts on “9-Volt Nirvana [RadioLab]

    1. CV

      Ditto that! Although Sally’s comments about how it chased away the negative thoughts was interesting. And there’s something tempting about the idea of improving “quickly,” if it could be more precisely applied. Then again, if we can order up states of mind, does that start challenging what it means to be human? Interesting stuff!

      Like

  1. Really great post! I liked the diversity of information and broad range of perspectives on this touchy topic. Definitely worth looking into more! The potential results of this field are… mind blowing! Haha I couldn’t resist. But there is definitely a dark side of negative possibilities.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for your comments. I agree about the “mind-blowing” part! It reminds me of the attractions and reservations around other “mind-altering” consumables; there’s something both intriguing and unpredictable.

      Like

  2. This is crazy! Radio lab does some really cool pod casts, it reminds me of the one they did with the heart beat. if you have never listened to this I recommend it. We seem to know so little about the human body yet we continuously push the boundaries. I dont think I would sign up for the 9 volt treatment anytime soon. Also do a Hardcore History Podcast!

    http://www.radiolab.org/story/heartbeat/

    #cs5711

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Hey, thanks for checking out my blog and for your suggestions, including reminding me about the Heartbeat episode. I have faint memories of it. Like most of the RadioLab shows, they approach things from such an interesting angle.

      How long are the Hardcore History Podcasts? I tuned into one history podcast and it was 3-hours long. I realized, at that point, that my time limit is probably around an hour. But who knows, that could change. Thanks again.

      Like

  3. Clover

    I’m trying to wrap my head around the idea of juicing up my brain like that – and the potential as a self-improvement tool. Intriguing and weird stuff. I’m familiar with brain wave mapping and neurofeedback (not on me). After reading this, I’m interested to find out more if tDCS is like biofeedback to the nth power.

    Liked by 1 person

  4. I’m not familiar with brain wave mapping. Thanks for mentioning it. There’s another podcast I recently listened to that did a slightly different brain zap. I want to share that one, too. The host sounded high after doing it. It was funny listening to her. Thanks for posting!

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s